Watercolor on paper, 7 Jan. 2006
According to Psychology, intelligence is an abstract faculty that includes the capabilities of learning and adaptation, distinct motivational behavior or instinctive reactions. Although the definitions of intelligence are very diverse, theorists agree that it is a capacity or potential rather than a fully developed achievement, and has a biological basis.
It is believed that intelligence as a whole is a combination of the innate characteristics of the central nervous system of an individual -which are inherited genetically-, and developed intelligence -which is molded through experience and learning.
Summarizing the different existing definitions, we could therefore define intelligence as the ability of an organism or system to achieve a goal, avoid an obstacle or solve a need, in the most efficient way in terms of time and energy invested.
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